The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Yorkshire, is a ceremonial county of England.
The landscape consists of a crescent of low chalk hills, the Yorkshire Wolds, surrounded by the low-lying fertile plains of Holderness and the Vale of York. The Humber Estuary and North Sea mark its southern and eastern limits. Archaeological investigations have revealed artefacts and structures from all historical periods since the last ice age. The area is administered from the ancient market and ecclesiastical town of Beverley.
The economy is mainly based on agriculture and this, along with tourism, has contributed to the rural and seaside character of the Riding. These aspects are also reflected in the places of interest to visitors and major landmarks, which include historic buildings, nature reserves and the Yorkshire Wolds Way long-distance footpath. The open and maritime aspects and lack of major urban developments have also led to the county being allocated relatively high targets for the generation of energy from renewable sources.
Major sporting and entertainment venues are concentrated in Kingston upon Hull, while the seaside and market towns support semi-professional and amateur sports clubs and provide seasonal entertainment for visitors. Bishop Burton is the site of an agricultural college, and Hull provides the region's only university. On the southern border, close to Hull, the Humber Bridge spans the Humber Estuary to enable the A15 to link Hessle with Barton-upon-Humber in North Lincolnshire.
At the 2011 Census the Unitary Authority population was 334,179.
The Yorkshire Wolds
The beautiful, peaceful Yorkshire Wolds stretch leisurely from the chalk cliffs at Flamborough to the Humber Estuary at Hessle. They curve the land in a loving crescent shape and take in a huge area rich in history, colour, interesting people and beautiful buildings. There are some of the most picturesque villages and lively market towns in the country in this area, some well known, some well off the beaten track.
There is much to see and do in the area but the Wolds has an open and un-commercial feel to it that attracts both the young and the old. The gentle hills make it an ideal area for both walking and cycling.
The highest point in the Wolds is at the top of Garrowby Hill which is situated on the A166 and rises to a height of 800 feet above sea level at this point. "The Wolds Way " is a walk which can be done in sections and takes in beautiful scenery right across the Wolds, all routes clearly marked and details can be obtained from Tourist Information Offices or from local Ordinance Survey maps.
There are magnificent Halls to see such as Burton Agnes Hall and Sledmere House. Also there are churches to visit in most of the parishes, some with most unusual hallmarks!
The Wolds don’t offer rugged drama; they offer lyrical landscapes of the sort celebrated by David Hockney, whose current exhibition at Tate Britain is one of the most popular in the gallery’s history. Hockney has described the Wolds as “hidden, small, full of valleys… a lovely bit of England, not spoilt”. They have a quiet, understated charm that his landscapes exactly capture – rather oddly, as the pictures are as vibrantly colourful as the brightest Matisse. Details of the Hockney trail can be found here.
The landscape shows dramatic contrasts from the rugged cliffs along the Heritage Coastline to the peaceful seaside resort of Hornsea, and from the grey banks of the River Humber to the rich and colourful patch work quilt effect of the vast country landscape.!
The majority of the land is farmed with crops grown such as wheat, barley, oil seed rape and potatoes. These crops whilst growing add to the colourful landscape in late spring and early summer. A landscape which changes with the season.
The well drained chalk land on which The Wolds sits coupled with the calcium rich soil make it a heaven for beautiful wild flowers to grow. Cowslips, poppies, buttercups and daisies all grow in abundance along with sweet cicely, hemlock and fennel. All these wild plants in turn attract a wide selection of butterflies and birds, Red Admiral and a variety of Fritillary, Chaffinches, wrens, blue tits and great tits to name but a few. Also on your travels you will encounter much wildlife including rabbits and weasels, stoats and field mice. On a rare occasion you may be lucky to see some of the wild deer which still roam around areas of our countryside.
All in all the Wolds is an area of great beauty and great interest with much to see and do and much to offer our welcomed visitors.